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Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA)

Any government department, corporation, statutory body or government agency or Local Authority, Non-Governmental Organization, Business Organization, Company or Individual proposing to commence any specified project / industry as per Gazette Notification No. 1020/21 dated 27.03.1998 issued under the Provincial Environment Statute (PES) of the North Western Province shall obtain the approval in accordance with the regulations set forth in the said Gazette Notification and Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) is carried out on the project. Depending on the magnitude of the industry/project the relevant project approval process is followed as EIA or an Initial Environment Examination (IEE).

The main objective of this study is to assess the direct and indirect, long-term and short-term negative and positive impacts of the proposed project and to identify the impacts of the proposed project on the project site as well as the physical, biological and socio-economic environment and minimize or mitigate the potential adverse impacts of the project activities. It also focuses on improving the positive impacts of the proposed project and providing necessary guidelines to assist in the decision making and planning process of the proposed project.

1.Provide basic information

In respect of a specific project / industry mentioned in the above Gazette, project proponent should submit Questionnaire for Environmental Impact Identification (application) to the Project Approving Agency. .

    Following are the documents to be submitted with the application.
  • 1. A concise project proposal

  • 2. Documents to prove the ownership of the land. (copy of the deed, copy of the lease agreement etc.)

  • 3. A copy of the Survey Plan of the land (photocopy of the plan)

  • 4. Building plan

  • 5. Building layout plan

  • 6. Copy of Business Registration Certificate / Copy of the National Identity Card of the Industrialist.

  • 7. Project Proposals and Proposals for Mitigation of environmental Pollution

  • 8. Route map to the proposed site.

  • 9. GPS coordinates

  • 10. The approval obtain form the relevant Local Authority when required. (Compliance Certificate , Trade License or Approval from the Local Authority)

  • 11. Necessary certifications and approvals for special projects. (distillery products, pharmaceutical products, pesticide products, explosive based products etc.)

  • 12. Board of Investment Approval (only for BOI projects)

  • 13. Any other document or details Authority is required

2. Determine the levy to be charged

The levy will be determined based on the information submitted by the Project Proponent (PP), whether it is an EIA or IEE and payments could be made in online or directly to the authority.

3. Define the Terms of Reference (TOR)

When a Project Proponent submits his / her application to the PEA-NWP, the Authority appoints a Project approving committee headed by the Chairman of the PEA-NWP. The committee will study the scope of the proposal and analyze the possible impacts of the proposed project and the remedial and mitigation strategies to be employed by the project proponent. The committee comprises with all government agencies involved in the approval project & other experts and that committee will decide whether to undertake an EIA or an IEE for the project. Accordingly the Terms of References - TOR is issued.

4. Preparation of Environmental Impact Assessment / Preliminary Environmental Examination Report

It is the responsibility of the PP to prepare an Environmental Impact Assessment Report (EIAR) / Initial Environmental Assessment Report (IEAR) based on the TOR and submits it to the Project Approving Agency (PAA). The EIAR/IEER should be prepared by a panel of experts on behalf of the PP.

5. Testing of adequacy of the report and notification for public comments

The draft EIAR/IEER should be forwarded to the PAA (PEA-NWP) to check the adequacy of the report. If such report is not adequately prepared based on the TOR the report will be sent back to the PP for necessary amendments, adequately prepared final EIAR/IEER is published for the public comments for 30 working days. The PAA notify the public about the places where the reports are kept for the public comments by a paper advertisement. Within that period of time general public can make their comments on the project. Such public comments will be submitted back to the PP to get the responses for the public comments. The said comments and the responses of PP is forwarded to the Technical Evaluation Committee (TEC). As per the recommendations of the TEC it will be decided whether a Public Hearing is required for the project in order to give an opportunity to the general public to make their verbal comments.

6. Grant of Approval

The final approval for the project is either granted or not by the PEA-NWP being the PAA based on recommendations made by the TEC. When the PEA-NWP does not act as PAA, it is the duty of the other PAAs to inform the PEA-NWP regarding the final decision taken by them. Whenever the PP is not agreeable with the decision given by the PAA, PP can submit an appeal to the Secretary of the Provincial Ministry of Environment and Secretary’s decision would be the final decision on any project.

7. Monitoring of the project constructional and operational phases

The letter of approval is issued by the PEA-NWP (PAA) with conditions to be complied by the PP. The PEA-NWP (PAA) along with the monitoring committee established for the project is monitoring the project activities and compliance of the conditions of letter of approval and the measures taken to mitigate the environmental issues in terms of constructional and operational phases of the project. In such circumstances of violations of conditions in the letter of approval the PAA can cancel the approval granted for the project.